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Topography of the Earth

Topography of the Earth

The animation presents the largest mountains, plains, rivers, lakes and deserts of the Earth.

Geography

Keywords

topography, Earth, landform, hills, mountain range, plain, desert, river, lakes, map knowledge, hydrography, blank map, continent, border, map, Earth globe, physical geography, nature

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Terms of physical geography

This animation demonstrates the most important relief features, surface waters and their relevant symbols.

Continents and oceans

Dry land on the surface of Earth is divided into continents which are separated by oceans.

Altitudinal zonation

In mountainous areas the climate, soil properties, the flora and fauna change depending on elevation.

Climate zones

The Earth is divided into geographical and climatic zones, which result in the zonation of vegetation.

Earth

The Earth is a rocky planet with a solid crust and oxygen in its atmosphere.

Faulting (intermediate)

Vertical forces can break up layers of rock into fault blocks, which then move vertically along the fracture planes.

Monsoon wind system

In summer, monsoon winds bring heavy rainfall from the ocean to the continent.

The development of lakes

Standing bodies of water can form in depressions on the surface by both endogenic and exogenic forces, as well as by human activity.

The Panama Canal

The Panama Canal is an artificial waterway created to shorten shipping routes between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean.

The Suez Canal

The Suez Canal is an artificial waterway connecting the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea.

Folding (intermediate)

Lateral compressive forces cause rocks to form folds. This is how fold mountains are formed.

Hotspots

Hotspots are areas of the Earth´s crust where magma often rises to the surface and causes volcanic activity.

Rivers and landforms

Rivers play an important role in shaping the Earth's surface: they cause erosion as well as carrying and depositing sediment.

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