Tectonic plates

Tectonic plates can move in relation to each other.

Greenhouse effect

Human activity increases the greenhouse effect and leads to global warming.

Formation of stratovolcanoes

Stratovolcanoes consist of layers of volcanic ash, debris and lava.

The Earth’s magnetic field

The Earth’s magnetic North and South poles are located near the geographic North and South poles.

Ozone layer

The ozone layer filters the Sun´s harmful UV radiation, therefore it is indispensable for life on Earth.

Atmospheric circulation

The difference between the temperature of the polar and equatorial zones causes atmospheric circulation which is affected by a number of factors, including...

The Sun's path above the major circles of latitude

The apparent movement of the Sun is caused by the Earth's rotation around its axis.

Carbon cycle

Carbon is bound in organic substances during photosynthesis, while during breathing, it is released into the atmosphere.

Tide

The rise and drop of sea levels caused by the gravitational force of the Moon.

Folding (advanced)

Lateral compressive forces cause rocks to form folds. This is how fold mountains are formed.

Climate zones

The Earth is divided into geographical and climatic zones, which result in the zonation of vegetation.

Glacier (intermediate)

A glacier is a large body of ice that forms from snow, and is in constant, slow motion.

Aeolian landforms on coasts and steppes

Wind, as an external force, plays an important role in shaping coastal areas and steppes.

Seafloor map

The boundaries of tectonic plates can be seen on the seafloor.

Topography of the Earth

The animation presents the largest mountains, plains, rivers, lakes and deserts of the Earth.

Nitrogen cycle

Atmospherical nitrogen is bound by bacteria and used by living organisms in the form of various compounds.

Types of soil (soil profiles)

This animation demonstrates different types of soil.

Warm front, cold front

Cold and warm fronts are formed where bodies of cold and warm air meet.

Mid-latitude cyclone and anticyclone

Cyclones are large areas of circulating air with clouds and precipitation being formed in its centre.

Karst region (intermediate)

Karst formations include dolines and dripstones.

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