The palace of Charlemagne was not only the centre of his empire, but also a centre of culture.
One of the most important religious military orders, formed in the era of the Crusades.
The fearsome looking Aztec warriors could not stop the Spanish conquistadors with their primitive weapons.
Medieval Venice owed its wealth to its flourishing maritime trade.
Keeps were typical buildings in the Middle Ages, also built independently from castles.
The work of smiths – one of the first professions in history – became even more important in the Middle Ages.
A wide variety of torture devices were in use in medieval dungeons.
Farming techniques evolved with the development of human civilisation in the Middle Ages and the Modern Age.
The cathedral named after the Assumption of Mary into Heaven is one of the gems of French Gothic architecture.
Farmhouses in the Middle Ages were simple, single-storey structures built from earth, mud and wood.
The medieval bell tower of the Cathedral of Pisa is the most famous leaning tower of the world.
The best-known piece of the Hungarian Crown Jewels is the Holy Crown.
The castle of Belgrade (Nándorfehérvár) was one of the most important components in the chain of Hungarian border forts.
A brick castle in South-East Hungary; its oldest parts were probably built in the late 14th century.
A Romanesque style Benedictine church with a special gateway, built in the 13th century in Hungary.
The medieval Arab inventor, Hassan Al Rammah designed the world's first operating torpedo.
The ingenius water pump designed by Al-Jazari is a great example of the creativity of Medieval Arab engineers.
A medieval glider constructed by Abbas Ibn Firnas.
Slavic warriors were greatly respected throughout Europe in the Middle Ages.
The structure of fortresses developed together with military technology.