Palace of Charlemagne (Aachen 9th century)

The palace of Charlemagne was not only the centre of his empire, but also a centre of culture.

The Knights Templar (12th-13th century)

One of the most important religious military orders, formed in the era of the Crusades.

Aztec warriors (15th century)

The fearsome looking Aztec warriors could not stop the Spanish conquistadors with their primitive weapons.

Venice in the Middle Ages

Medieval Venice owed its wealth to its flourishing maritime trade.

Medieval keep

Keeps were typical buildings in the Middle Ages, also built independently from castles.

Medieval smithy

The work of smiths – one of the first professions in history – became even more important in the Middle Ages.

Medieval dungeon

A wide variety of torture devices were in use in medieval dungeons.

Farming techniques

Farming techniques evolved with the development of human civilisation in the Middle Ages and the Modern Age.

Gothic cathedral (Clermont-Ferrand, 15th century)

The cathedral named after the Assumption of Mary into Heaven is one of the gems of French Gothic architecture.

Medieval farmhouse

Farmhouses in the Middle Ages were simple, single-storey structures built from earth, mud and wood.

Leaning Tower of Pisa (14th century)

The medieval bell tower of the Cathedral of Pisa is the most famous leaning tower of the world.

The Hungarian Crown Jewels

The best-known piece of the Hungarian Crown Jewels is the Holy Crown.

Belgrade (15th century)

The castle of Belgrade (Nándorfehérvár) was one of the most important components in the chain of Hungarian border forts.

Gothic brick castle (Gyula, Hungary)

A brick castle in South-East Hungary; its oldest parts were probably built in the late 14th century.

Romanesque style Benedictine church (Ják, Hungary)

A Romanesque style Benedictine church with a special gateway, built in the 13th century in Hungary.

Medieval Arab torpedo (Hassan Al Rammah, 13th century)

The medieval Arab inventor, Hassan Al Rammah designed the world's first operating torpedo.

Medieval Arab water pump (Al-Jazari, 13th century)

The ingenius water pump designed by Al-Jazari is a great example of the creativity of Medieval Arab engineers.

Slavic warriors

Slavic warriors were greatly respected throughout Europe in the Middle Ages.

Medieval towers and bastions

The structure of fortresses developed together with military technology.

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