Used in the production of beryllium and as a catalyst.
Synthetic rubber is produced by the polymerisation of isoprene.
A colourless, heavier-than-air gas, an intermediate in the production of nitric acid.
The simplest saturated alcohol. A highly toxic compound, easily confusable with ethanol.
The first member in the homologous series of alkanes.
A white, odourless crystalline compound.
One of the hydrogen halides, a highly aggressive substance - it even attacks glass.
A solid, grey substance which sublimates when heated. Its solution in alcohol is called tincture of iodine, it is a disinfectant.
The simplest polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon.
The simplest conjugated diene.
One of the best known synthetic polymers.
An unsaturated monocarboxylic acid. The molecule contains double bond in cis orientation.
One of the products of the oxidation of ethanol.
Fructose is the sweetest of the simple carbohydrates.
A colourless, slightly viscous, hygroscopic liquid used in the production of formic acid, hydrogen cyanide and other organic compounds.
The open-chain version of ribose, which occurs naturally in nucleic acids, coenzymes, nucleotides and nucleosides.
A yellow-green toxic gas with a strong odour, one of the halogens.
Sulphur dioxide emission is the main cause of acid rains. It is an intermediate product in the production of sulphuric acid.
The molecule has two enantiomers: stereoisomers that are mirror images of each other and are not superimposable.
The simplest primary amine.